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Table 2 Summary table of total irradiation induced: ROS, DNA damage and e/h+ pair formation

From: A comparison of the radiosensitisation ability of 22 different element metal oxide nanoparticles using clinical megavoltage X-rays

NPROSDNA damagee/h+ pair
V2O5+++ 
TiO2++ 
Al2O3  
Sc2O3+ 
Cr2O3  
Fe3O4 ++
ZnO+++
ZrO2  
Eu2O3+ 
Gd2O3  
HfO2  
SiO2−−  
CoO−−++
NiO−− ++
Nd2O3−−+ 
Sm2O3−−+ 
Dy2O3−−+ 
Er2O3−−  
MnO2−−− 
CuO−−−++ 
MoO3−−−  
Tb4O7−−−  
  1. Ranked from high to low ROS and for similar levels of damage, ranked in element order. Change from control: +/− = 10–25%; ++/−− = 25–50%; +++/−−− = > 50%